Campo Troupial - Icterus jamacaii
List of Birds

Site contents:
in Itapajé, Ceará,
100 km from Fortaleza.

The avifauna is listed in
Birds of NE Brazil.
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Threatened species
Many species of NE Brazil are threatened by extinction. Our reserve helps to protect some of them:
Birds of NE Brazil
in Caatinga, Cerrado,
and other habitats
Gray-breasted Martin
Progne chalybea
Family: Hirundinidae

Local subspecies: Progne chalybea domestica, distributed in eastern and southern Brazil and other regions.

Synonyms: Hirundo chalybeaGMELIN 1789;  Hirundo domesticaVIEILLOT 1817

Gray-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea)
25/07/2009; Serra de Baturité, Ceará, Brazil. 300 mm f2.8 lens.

Figure 1. This Progne chalybea sits on the roof of a church building. Dozens of Gray-breasted Martins could regularly be seen here, at times entering cavities below the tiles or elsewhere in the building. Because of its preference for churches, this swallow was nicknamed "andorinha-católica" (catholic swallow) in Brazil (Sick 1997).

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Gray-breasted Martin (Progne chalybea)
25/07/2009; BR222, Caucaia, Ceará, Brazil 300 mm f2.8 lens.

Figure 2. A large group of P. chalybea on a tower, next to a gas station, at a road with heavy trafic (BR222, close to Fortaleza). It could be that a few other swallows (P. tapera?) have joined this flock as well.

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