Campo Troupial - Icterus jamacaii
List of Birds

Site contents:
in Itapajé, Ceará,
100 km from Fortaleza.

The avifauna is listed in
Birds of NE Brazil.
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Threatened species
Many species of NE Brazil are threatened by extinction. Our reserve helps to protect some of them:
Birds of NE Brazil
in Caatinga, Cerrado,
and other habitats
Black-crowned Night-Heron
Nycticorax nycticorax
Family: Ardeidae

Local subspecies: Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli, widely distributed in Brazil and neighbouring countries.

References: Pinto 1938, p. 34, Hellmayr and Conover 1948, p. 207.

Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
04/02/2010; Parambu, Ceará, Brazil. 300 mm f2.8 lens.

Figure 1. On a walk through a farm in Parambu, I unintentionally flushed a small group of 3-4 Nycticorax nycticorax from their day-time hide in an umbuzeiro tree (Spondias tuberosa, see Nickel Maia 2004). One of them flew to a nearby tree-trunk in the water, and stayed there for half a minute, enough time to make this photo.

The habitat was typical for farm land in this region: a medium-sized water reservoir, surrounded by overgrazed pasture and secondary heavily-degraded Caatinga vegetation, and a few scattered old and relatively unharmed trees, like the umbuzeiro just mentioned, and some aroeira and angico trees.

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